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2013年4月4日 星期四

Khmer (高棉) or Cambodia (柬埔寨)-2




A map of Cambodia at the height of its powers at the 12th to 13th centuries



Cambodia Culture

Cambodians eat
rice as their staple food, supplemented by noodles and
fish from Tonle Sap and use kaffir lime, lemon grass, garlic, fish
sauce, soy sauce,  tamarind, ginger, oyster sauce, coconut milk and
black pepper for seasoning. They also eat plenty of red curry and French
bread.Traditionally, the Khmer people recorded Khmer legends, prayers
and the origin of Buddhism on books made with Tra leaves, wrapped
carefully in cloth to protect them from moisture and the climate.

Cambodian dance can be divided into three main categories: stylzied
Khmer classical dance, folk dance done to the tune of mahori music
whilst court dances are like those of Thailand. The dances are performed
by intricately costumed, highly trained men and women on public
occasions for tribute, invocation or to enact traditional stories and
epic poems such as Reamker, the Khmer version of the Ramayana Known
formally as Robam Preah Reach Trop ("theater of royal
wealth") it is set to the music of a pinpeat ensemble accompanied by a
vocal chorus.Social dances are those performed by guests at banquets,
parties or other informal social gatherings. Khmer traditional social
dances are analogous to those of other Southeast Asian nations. Examples
include the circle dances Romvong and Romkbach as well as Saravan and
Lam Leav. Modern western popular dances including Cha-cha, Bolero, and
the Madison, have also influenced Cambodian social dance.

The
most celebrated holiday every year is the Bon Om Teuk (Festival of Boat
Racing), the annual boat rowing contest, held at the end of the rainy
season when the Mekong river begins to sink back to its normal levels
allowing the Tonle Sap River to reverse flow and engages in
cockfighting, soccer, and kicking a sey, which is similar to a footbag.
Based on the classical Indian solar calendar and Theravada Buddhism, the
Cambodian New Year is a major holiday that takes place in April.

Day 1 of the Trip



The independence Monument, a stupa, at Phnom Penh. Cambodia became independent from France again on 9th November 1953. In 1863, when Cambodia was then under the joint suzerainty of two of its powerful neighbors, Thailand and Vietnam, their king Norodom I sought protection from France and in 1867, he signed a treaty with France in 1867 whereby in return for France giving control over the two provinces Battambang
and Siem Reap where over a million Khmers had settled but which
officially belonged to Thailand in those days, he surrendered suzerainty over the country to France which undertook to defend it against Thailand and Vietnam but these two provinces were returned by France to Thailand in 1906. In 1978, Vietnam invaded Cambodia when the Khmer Rouge forces  attempted to regain control over these two provinces which had by that time come under Vietnamese control.



Our first stop was the highest hill in Phnom Penh, the 27-metre Gold Pagoda Hill



The palace wall


The
entrance to the Royal Palace with the Silver Pagoda (Preah Vihear Preah
Keo Morakot formerly called Wat Ubosoth Ratanaram) popular called Wat
Preah Keo in the background




A pattern on the gate to the palace



A royal window shade



a mural on the wall of the royal palace



The
Silver Pagoda which is the royal temple.The vihara houses many national
treasures such as gold and jeweled Buddha statues. Most notable is a
small 17th century baccarat crystal Buddha (the "Emerald Buddha" of
Cambodia) and a life-sized gold Maitreya Buddha decorated with 9584
diamonds, the largest of which weighs 25 carats. It was created in the
palace workshops during 1906 and 1907. The Silver Pagoda was inlaid with
more than 5,000 silver tiles and some of its outer facade was
remodelled with Italian marble. However only a small area of these tiles
are available to be viewed by the public on entering the pagoda.




The gold Buddha dressed in royal regalia, commissioned by King Sisowath, weighs about 90 kilos



A gold tree inside the temple



Two golden elephants at the museum attached to the temple



A silver flower at the museum




A small shrine behind the temple



The recreation hall of the King



The King's Palace



The Cobra is as the sacred serpent (naga) the National Totem



A god holding up the roof of the palace



National lady's costume for formal occasions



Various tombs of Cambodian kings and queens



A close up of one of the royal tombs



A statue of the king in front of the tomb



A statue at the royal garden



A royal boat cart to be pulled by two elephants



Tradtional farm implements on display at the side of the temple museum



musicians playing some traditional instruments outside of the temple museum. They invited me to play the drum with them. I did!





We were taken on a tour of the river on one of these boats



Another cobra sculpture at the pier



The Mekong River seen on a boat during water tour of the river



On the bank we can see some new buildings on the left of the new photo. Otherwise, there are not very many tall buildings




These are the boat people who came from Vietnam



More boat houses in the Vietnamese water village