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2013年4月10日 星期三

Khmer (高棉) or Cambodia (柬埔寨) 5 (Not for the Squeamish)

The 29th March 2013 shall be forever branded in my brain. That day, I witnessed with my own eyes the horrors that could befall mankind if they suffer the loss of their basic humanity in the interest of dogmatic political ideology, class struggle and/or personal ambition.

Stop 1 The Killing Fields at Choeung Ek in Phnom Penh


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The entrance to the killing fields



The house of horrors there



These were some of the skulls and bones found there in 1980



A view of the excavation there in 1980



These are some of the Buddhist necklaces left by friends, relatives and strangers made for those who died there



Jaw bones, leg bones, headgear and items found with the skeletons unearthed there



Bones, bangles, handcuffs, headbands of the dead



Personal effects of the victims



Clothes worn by victims uncovered after the rains washed away the top soil after the exhumation of the bodies



The so-called "magic tree" to ease the ears of the executioners




This photo is self-explanatory



A box of teeth of various skeletons found there



Children's heads were smashed against this tree because the Khmer Rouge did not want to waste bullets on them



wrist bands left by visitors for the use of the children who ended their lives against this tree



A mass grave of more than a 100 children killed there



All these pits were at one time filled with corpses



A bone fragment in one of the pits



This place used to be a Chinese cemetery. The remains of one of the graves there



The killer palm


Our guide showing us how the saw-tooth edges of this killer palm was used to slash the throats of the victim



Some of the skulls are now housed in this memorial of the dead
A literal tower of death



Some of the skulls staring at us from the tower of death



The clothes of the victims found at the site


Stop 2  S-21 Death Camp or Camp S-21



The graves of those who ran the death camp who later confessed to their crime.



urns filled with human excrement where the heads of those who refused to confess were ducked



A row of foot lock to which the prisoners feet were chained to their metal beds



Those who "confessed" might be sent to work as forced labor in the countryside



One of the rooms where the prisoners were kept and tortured. The dark spots to the left of the photo , under the bed and elsewhere on the files are blood stains




The interrogation room. Who knows what spine-chilling shrieks of pain resounded within these walls more than 3 decades ago



The standard excrement pot, one closed and the other slit open to show its interior


These are two of the beds and mats


A close up of an excrement box



A soup bowl?



A pillow & a food plate



A foot lock


This used to be a classroom



What kind of tortures were witnessed by such doors, window shades etc?



This is one of the isolation cells. The iron box is used for excretion, barely 3 feet by 6



Fingers would be passed through this box and fingers squeezed with pincers with vinegar poured on to them



How some of the victims were killed



 Victims would be hung like this until they lost consciousness and then would be woken up by having filthy water poured on their head etc This would continue until they "confessed".



The "water" treatment bucket



blood stain on the floor everywhere



Various Instruments of torture used in the death camp



A maps of Cambodia under Khmer Rouge built with human skulls


One of the two survivors of the death camp. I bought his book.


To prevent victims jumping to their death rather than being tortured, the outside of the building was fully barbed-sired.



Key locations are additionally wired


This is the man responsible, Pol Pot



This was what he looked like when he was young



This was the President of the People's Representative Assembly and the Deputy Secretary of the Communist Party of Khmer responsible for internal security and for enforcing the policy of decided by the Central Committee of the CPK.




This is why people were sent to the Choeung Ek Killing Fields



The personal background Kaing Guek Eav, the head of the S-21 Prison for people considered "dissidents"

In fact, I have taken numerous photos of the black and white photos of some of victims on exhibit at two of the former classrooms there on the ground floor.  According to our guide, Pol Pot ordered that a photo be taken of each prisoner immediately after he or she died as proof that they did, Out of respect for those who died such a horrible death at that death camp and for the sensibility of those who may read this blog, I shall not show their disfigured bodies, their faces and the look of despair, horror or indifference in their eyes. They are sufficient to make you lose your appetite for days and give you nightmares for years to come. I took those photos as a vivid reminder to myself of the full extent of human perversity and human evil, once people's minds are completely dominated by abstract theoretical political ideology, by ideas of instrumental reason divorced from basic humanity.

Stop 3 War Museum



Artillery



Various land mines



Various grenades and bombs



Artillery Shells



Tank



Another tank



Another tank



The same tank, another angle



A mine field




Land mine which will explode if the wire is kicked



More artillery



Anti aircraft gun



Long range artillery



Another one



A mine sweeper



Gas mask



Miscellaneous grenades



Mortar



Another Mortar



Mortar shells



shells



rockets



Land Mines



Big mine



grenade and mine



small plastic mines



more mines



A line up of various mines. According to our guide, Pol Pot planted more than 9 million mines all over Cambodia at a time when there was only 7 million Cambodia. 20% of such mines have still not yet been cleared. From time to time, death and injury still result from innocent people accidental tripping or stepping on to such mines.



Machine guns



More machine guns 



Fighter



helicopter



Anti craft gun

When will mankind ever learn to stop torturing, maiming and killing one another? When?